Oligodon purple - a snake with a “mask” on its head

Oligodon purple belongs to the genus Oligodon, which is commonly known as kukri snakes. They got this name because of the bent back teeth. These fangs have evolved in order to provide food for Kukri snakes with bird eggs. When swallowed, the shell of the eggs is crushed by special teeth, the shape of which resembles one of the famous "kukri-knives" used by another type of snake.

External signs of oligodone purpurea

Oligodon purple is medium in size. The length of a dense body reaches about 90 cm. The head is short, which is not wider than the body. The color of reptile skin is markedly variable. Purple oligodones strike with a discrepancy in color and patterns. A recent analysis showed that different forms are indistinguishable morphologically, as well as genetically, and are not different species.

Belted oligodon (Oligodon albocinctus).

The main body color is brown with dark spots in the shape of a saddle, edged with a darker, almost black stripe. The hem of the scales located on the sides of the body is surrounded by a dark brown or red contour, which gives a rather variegated color to the oligodon.

On the back, slightly noticeable smoky stripes are visible. A dark mask stretches across the eye from the edge of the upper jaw through the eye, the back of which merges with a triangular spot on the neck.

Body color becomes purple with age, and a noticeable pattern emerges from a series of equally spaced dark brown stripes on top, with black edges, and, as a rule, a wavy shape. Fuzzy dark cross beams appear between them.

There are individuals with dark brown stripes on the head that resemble chevrons located on the back of the head and on the crown of the head; in other specimens, the stripes pass through the eye. The rare form of oligodons is considered the most unique; they have a maroon color with a yellowish, dark pattern on the upper side of the body. The underside is pinkish or yellowish with a dark, square border around the edge of most abdominal scutes.

Unique rare color of the white-belted oligodon.

Distribution of Oligodone Magenta

Oligodon purple lives in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia. In Indonesia, it is found in the east, on the islands of the Kangean Islands, including the Mentawai - Nias, and Riau. Inhabits Kalimantan (including Karimata), Bali, Java.

Habitats of Oligodon Magenta

Purple oligodon inhabits primary and secondary rainforests. In the mountains rises to a height of up to 1200 meters. This type of snake is common near villages and towns. Hiding under snags, stones, trunks of fallen trees.

The "mask" on the face of oligodon can reduce, remaining only in the eye area.

Nutrition of Oligodone Magenta

Oligodon purple finds food in forest litter. It feeds on lizards, frogs, as well as eggs, presumably nesting on the ground or close to its surface.

Captivity of purple oligodon

Horizontal terrariums are selected to contain purple oligodons.

To make snakes feel comfortable in captivity, they create for reptiles several nooks and coconuts, ceramic pots, or just plastic.

The terrarium maintains increased humidity. The soil layer is heated, since the purple oligodons live in tropical forests, where the forest litter warms up well in the sun and does not cool down for a long time, retaining heat.

The night temperature is set lower than the daytime. The snakes inhabiting the mountainous regions withstand temperatures of up to 10 degrees. Young snakes are fed with liquid protein and yolk of quail eggs. Adult oligodons are given lizards, mice, small bird eggs.

White-belt oligodon feeds on eggs of other reptiles, frog caviar.

Propagation of oligodon purpurea

Oligodon purple is an egg-laying snake. In clutch there are 8 -13 eggs.

Guard Oligodon Magenta

Oligodon purple does not require any special protective measures, as it lives in nature protection zones.

Watch the video: Herping Malaysia (February 2020).

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