Dolphins are amazing creatures. Their minds are powerful and mysterious. Even dogs cannot compare with them in terms of intelligence.
We present to your attention 33 facts about dolphins.
- Dolphins are very diverse. In total there are about forty species in the world.
- The closest relative to the dolphin is, oddly enough, a hippopotamus. About 40 million years ago, the evolutionary development of dolphins and hippos diverged, but some kinship remains. Even the dolphin killer whales belonging to the family are closer to hippos than to whales. It is also interesting that dolphins are closer to humans than to any other inhabitant of the seas.
- The cognitive abilities of dolphins are so high that some scientists have long been proposing to define them as "inhuman individuals." The reason for this, they consider a similar brain structure and social order.
- In the legendary book “The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy” dolphins are assigned the second line in intelligence (the first is reserved for mice, and only the third for humans).
- Dolphins lack the practice of caring for a female. When the male chooses this or that female, he simply begins to starve her until she gives in.
- There is an assumption that a person has taken a dominant position not only thanks to his mind, but rather a brush. If dolphins had brushes, then according to some scientists, domination would belong to them, and not to people.
- In India, cetaceans and dolphins are officially considered the same personalities as humans and have the right to prosperity, freedom and life.
- Dolphins belong to those few mammals that mate not only for the sake of procreation, but also for pleasure. In addition, pleasure is enjoyed not only by males, but also by females, which is observed only in pigs and primates. Interestingly, according to observations, some females engage in real prostitution.
- If humanity destroys itself, dolphins will be at the top of evolution.
- Dolphins have the ability to very quickly heal the wounds that they receive, for example, in collisions with sharks.
- In the USA, in the state of Louisiana, a pink dolphin lives in Lake Calkasier. Such an unusual color is due to the fact that he is an albino.
- One of the dolphin subspecies is born blind (Indian subspecies of the Ghanaian river dolphin). It lives in Asia in the Ganges River and has an extremely complex echolocation system.
- Dolphins have repeatedly saved people drowning and shipwrecked. Sometimes they even drove sharks away from them.
- It is assumed that dolphins recognize people under water thanks to their sonar, with which they recognize the skeletal structure of humans.
- There is an organization in the world called Anti-Dolphin. Members of this organization believe that dolphins threaten humans and should be destroyed.
- When dolphins from the zoo in Fushun city (China) swallowed plastic objects, all attempts to remove them there failed. Then the trainers turned to Bao Xishun, who is the tallest man on earth, for help. Using his long arms, each of which is more than a meter long, Bao took out objects and saved the life of both animals.
- Sometimes dolphins ride with whales on their backs.
- If the dolphin does not receive sexual satisfaction, he begins to kill.
- Since dolphins are mammals, they possess lungs and breathe in much the same way as land animals. Therefore, they can easily drown.
- In 2013, a dolphin was discovered, which was adopted by the sperm whale family.
- Famous for the television series "Flipper" the dolphin, who played the main role, committed suicide simply by stopping breathing.
- In the Soviet Navy, at one time there was a training program for dolphins in sabotage activities. They were trained to attach mines to the sides of the ships and at times they even dropped them into the desired area with parachutes. According to the participants of those experiments, they did not materialize at all, since the dolphins easily distinguished the training task from the combat task, which threatened them with death, and did not follow orders.
- The smallest and rare subspecies of dolphins is the Maui dolphin. Their population is composed of less than 60 individuals.
- Dolphins do not have a mechanism for automatic breathing. Therefore, in order not to stop breathing, they must always be conscious. Therefore, during sleep, they have one hemisphere of the brain resting, and the other controls the process of respiration.
- In Brazil, in the municipality of Laguna, from the middle of the 19th century, dolphins fish for fishermen in the net.
- Scientists have discovered that dolphins give each other names by whistling.
- When in 2008 a group of rescuers wanted to lead through a narrow strait of a sperm whale, all attempts ended in failure. This task was handled by a dolphin named Moko.
- In the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy book, dolphins are used as a good example of how vague the criteria of intelligence are. According to aliens, people always considered themselves smarter than dolphins, because they managed to create a wheel, New York, wars and so on, while dolphins just had fun and splashed. Dolphins, on the contrary, considered themselves much smarter and for the same reason.
- Since 2005, nearly forty armed dolphins trained to kill terrorists have disappeared from the U.S. Navy.
- Humans, black dolphins and killer whales are the only mammals whose females are able to survive menopause and live for several decades without producing any offspring.
- Dolphins can adapt to almost any diet.
- The body of the dolphin is beautifully disguised. They have a light belly and a dark back. Therefore, from above they are invisible against the background of the dark sea, and from below they are not visible because their bellies merge with the light penetrating through the water column.
- Dolphins have hair. These are such antennae - hairs around the muzzle. Only they do not appear with age, but on the contrary - appear in infancy, and then disappear.