The Estonian hound (Eesti hagijas) is a breed very well known to professional domestic and foreign dog breeders. Beagle dogs of this breed are widely used in hunting various small animals.
The Estonian Hound breed was formed in the twentieth century on the territory of Estonia, and today it belongs to the typical representatives of dogs from the category of Gun Hounds. Work on the breeding of the breed was begun as early as the period between the world wars, which was determined by environmental conditions and measures for the protection of roe deer.
Due to the considerable density of roe deer in those years, it was strictly forbidden to use beagle dogs with height above 45 cm in hunting. High cross-country characteristics of numerous highways and tracks also required the breeding of small and small dogs, suitable for use in walking hunting.
The process of breeding the Estonian hound went immediately in two main directions:
- in the form of a selection of medium-sized producers belonging to the category of English-Russian, Russian and other types of hounds that were available. The principle of this direction was the subsequent rush of blood of the Finnish hounds and foxhounds;
- in the form of a cross with small European and Lucerne or Swiss hounds, as well as with the beagles popular at that time.
It is interesting! The Estonian hound was recognized as a fully formed breed only in 1954, and five years later the very first standards of such a dog were adopted.
After some time, it was still possible to get the dogs in the form of a sufficiently formed, strong and homogeneous livestock.
Description of Estonian Hound
Reminiscent of its appearance, the modern Estonian hound is in fact a direct descendant of this breed, but in its appearance it is quite possible to catch some fairly noticeable differences. Among other things, the “Estonian” is characterized by several other characteristics and working qualities.
Despite the fact that the breed was not officially recognized by FCI, the Estonian Hound has developed standards that are adhered to in the process of evaluating an animal, including also the territory of Russia:
- the elongation index for males is 108-110 cm, and for females - within 110-112 cm;
- the behavior of the animal is balanced, but with sufficient mobility;
- the skull is moderately wide and rounded;
- the presence of an unsharp transition from the parietal region to the muzzle is noted;
- the muzzle of the dog is long and straight;
- the profile of the muzzle is characterized by a rectangular format;
- the nose is wide enough;
- lips are completely unabashed, tight-fitting jaws;
- eyes are dark brown, with a slight oblique set;
- edges of the eyelids of dark staining;
- the ears are low set, not thick and quite long, with the presence of a characteristic rounding at the ends, hanging type, with a snug fit to the head;
- the body of the animal is noticeably stretched type;
- the neck area is round and muscular, rather dry;
- the thoracic region is wide and deep, largely barrel-shaped, reaching the ulnar part;
- back area of sufficient width, straight, with a short and wide lumbar region, muscular and noticeably convex;
- the stomach is a little picked up;
- limbs are dry and strong, quite muscular;
- paws of an oval shape, arched type, collected in a lump, with claws directed towards the ground;
- the tail, thick at the base, is characterized by gradual thinning towards the end, no longer than the location of the hock joint, characteristic saber shape, covered with quite thick hair along the entire length;
- the coat is short and even, hard and shiny, with the presence of underdeveloped undercoat.
The coat is characterized by a black-pied coloration in blush, and the size of black spots is not limited by standards. Allowed the presence of brown-piebald in blush, crimson-piebald and black-and-white color. The nose should be black in any color. The height of an adult male at the withers is about 45-52 cm, and that of a female dog is between 42-49 cm. The weight of the female dog varies between 10-20 kg and that of a male dog is between 15-25 kg. The height of the animal in the sacrum is about one and a half centimeter lower than the height at the withers.
The Estonian Hound belongs to the category of very smart and active dogs, but the presence of absolutely any weakness in the process of raising a four-legged pet of this breed always takes advantage of it. With great joy, the hound runs the race with other dogs or simply accompanied by its owner.
The high level of viciousness that encompasses Estonian hounds at the sight of any potential prey easily allows the dog to achieve simply brilliant hunting results, but there is no aggression towards people. Viciousness is a purely professional quality, therefore, in the home environment, the hound tries to demonstrate a surprisingly calm and balanced temperament, as well as a soft and good-natured character.
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by absolute tolerance for children of any age.. But in general, Estonian hounds are excellent companions who are just able to perfectly fit mobile and active people. In any case, it is advisable to start the hounds only if possible to provide them with high physical activity in the fresh air.
The indisputable advantages of purebred Estonian hounds include
- precocity inherited from representatives of the Swiss hounds;
- good and informative voice;
- the subservience characteristic of the beagle, as well as the Swiss hound;
- strong legs inherited from the beagles;
- politeness in behavior and obedience;
- endurance and passion for hunting inherited from Russian hounds.
It is interesting! Representatives of the breed, as a rule, are incredibly easy to learn, accurately and quickly enough able to remember all the commands given by the owner, and also know the place that is intended for the four-legged pet in the house.
Estonian hounds are naturally very cultured and energetic, with a soft-tempered dog, which is malleable in raising and training.
Estonian hounds most often have innate very good health, and the average life span of such a pet is twelve years. Nevertheless, representatives of this breed are notorious in nature, therefore, they need a serious approach to the issues of prophylactic injuries and timely vaccination.
Content of Estonian hound house
The Estonian hound feels quite comfortable in an apartment, but with this option of maintenance, regular and fairly long walks in a forest or park zone are very important. Hunting with such a dog allows the animal to maintain and develop its flair well. Aviary is allowed only in the warm season.
Care and hygiene
In terms of care and hygiene measures, there are no features. The coat of the hound does not need specific care, therefore it is enough to clean it once a month with an ordinary brush or a special glove with relatively stiff bristles before standard water procedures.
The frequency of clipping claws depends on their growth. Only hanging ears of breed representatives require increased attention, since their structure significantly increases the risk of various infections against the background of dirt accumulation.
Estonian hound ration
The nutrition of the Estonian hound must be properly balanced and only extremely high quality. An adult pet needs to be fed twice a day, following a few simple recommendations:
- use of slightly warmed food in feeding;
- inclusion of raw meat in the menu;
- lack of large chicken bones in the diet;
- the presence in the menu of fish;
- the use of vegetables in the form of potatoes, carrots, zucchini, beets and greens;
- supplement nutrition oatmeal, barley and steamed barley.
Many Estonian hound owners prefer feeding their pets expensive and high-quality production diets.
Diseases and birth defects
A relatively small number of pedigree diseases is due to the purity of blood and the innate physical strength of Estonian hounds, and hereditary ailments most often fall into the category of senile pathologies. As age-related diseases, it is possible to consider joint dysplasia, arthritis, cataract and atrophy of the eye retina.
Deficiencies and deviations most frequently encountered in the Estonian hound can be represented:
- strong bulge or, conversely, the plane of the skull;
- gross transition (fracture) to the face;
- too powerful eyebrows;
- upturned or vice versa, too lowered muzzle;
- excessive or insufficient pigmentation of the nose;
- small bryly;
- insufficient labial pigmentation;
- thick and / or short ears with a long coat;
- high set ears;
- insufficiency or lack of pigmentation around the eyes;
- small or bulging eyes;
- erect or small ears;
- ears raised on cartilage;
- heterochromia, blue eyes;
- excessively long or short, saggy skin;
- short back;
- long loin;
- beveled croup;
- stiffness or sagging of the back or lower back;
- flattened, narrow, or barrel-shaped breasts;
- sagging belly;
- too long or short, insufficiently or excessively pubescent, with a long coat of tail;
- a broken and sloping tail;
- large suspension;
- inverted elbows;
- curved forearms;
- too inclined metacarpals;
- short legs;
- otitis media;
- the lack of expression of articulated angles;
- deployed hock joints;
- wavy, long / short coat;
- lack of undercoat;
- brown, coffee color;
- blurry, smeared, pale spots in the color;
- lack of sexual dimorphism;
- aggressiveness, dullness or cowardice;
- any mental health issues.
It is interesting! When choosing a puppy, it is important to remember that individuals with a bright eye iris are at risk of congenital deafness or eye diseases.
It should be noted that violation of the regime of content and errors in the diet of feeding hounds of dogs, as well as insufficient physical activity may well become the main reason for the development of a severe form of hypothyroidism in a pet.
Parenting and training
Adult Estonian hounds have a very stable and balanced character, and are also smart enough to behave decently and culturally, not only at home, but also on the street. Nevertheless, it is necessary to raise a puppy of this breed strictly, without excessive pampering and liberties. At home, it is very important for the puppy to prohibit getting on the bed, being present while eating near the table, and also throwing the owner's things around. Teams should be given only in a strict and powerful enough voice.
The very first element that you want to train a hound dog is the sound of a hunting horn. Any manipulations with the dog and even content issues are resolved exclusively with his help. It is the sound of the horn that the four-legged pet is called up for feeding or for a walk and joint games. Estonian hounds are widely used in hunting for hare and fox, therefore absolutely all attempts to etch an animal on artiodactyls or roe deer should be strictly suppressed.
It is strictly forbidden to allow an adult dog or puppy to take food or any goodies from the wrong hands, as well as take care from outsiders. By nature, purebred hounds have a clear distrust of outsiders, which greatly facilitates the process of raising and training a hunting dog.
Buy estonian hound
Before looking for a place to buy a purebred Estonian hound puppy, you need to determine the purpose of the purchase. As a loyal companion, you can purchase an animal that simply meets the standards and has documents. If there is a need to find a good hunting dog, then buying a puppy from an experienced breeder or in a specialized nursery should be accompanied by a competent assessment of the working qualities of the animal.
It is interesting! The breed of Estonian hound is currently quite rare, so there are very few kennels involved in breeding such purebred dogs.
What to look for
When choosing a hound puppy, you must first pay attention to several very important criteria:
- certificate of deworming and vaccination;
- the presence of documents proving the pedigree;
- good appetite and healthy curiosity;
- lack of signs of any disease;
- compliance of mental and physical characteristics with breed standards.
Promising puppies of this breed should have strong muscles and a well-developed, fairly strong skeleton. Purebred representatives of the breed are characterized by a rounded skull and a rather long muzzle, as well as a wide black or dark brown nose.
Be sure to have a scissor bite. Ears should have rounded ends, hang tightly fitting to the head area. Preference should be given to individuals with brown eyes. The puppy should not be shy or lethargic, and in order not to make a mistake, it is advisable to entrust the choice of dog to professional dog handlers or specialists in the field of breed.
For use in hunting, it is advisable to acquire older puppies, however, given the insufficient prevalence of this breed, often babies from the litter are already disassembled before the age of two months. The cost of a purebred puppy of the Estonian hound, in the presence of all the necessary documents, varies, as a rule, in the range of 40-50 thousand rubles. In the absence of a pedigree, the cost of breed representatives may well be noticeably lower.
The Estonian hound quickly gained incredible popularity in its homeland, and during the collapse of the Soviet Union it became the most popular and well-known breed among hunters. Purebred representatives of the breed are endowed with high endurance, good mobility, a lively mind and quick wits..
According to the owners of the Estonian hound, such dogs have significant differences from the beagles, therefore they have an elegant and slender body, are very obedient and easy to learn, easily make contact with a person, as well as balanced and quite able to remain completely alone for a long time. If the dog is training correctly from a very young age, then from the age of five months it can start working.
It is interesting!Estonian hounds today belong to the category of rather rare hunting breeds, and are also distinguished by excellent working qualities and the good-natured disposition of the house. In addition to hunting, representatives of the breed are excellent watchmen, loyal friends and simply devoted companions for humans.
An observant dog does not require increased attention, but requires good physical exertion, without which it is very bored, and sometimes even loses its appetite.One of the most intelligent and beautiful hunting dogs is quite adequate to other pets, but is not always able to get along with rodents and birds, which is due to a well-developed hunting instinct.