Japanese bobtail - a rare breed of domestic cat with an unusual, shortened tail. For a long time it was cultivated only in Japan. In 1968, felinologist Elizabeth Freret brought short-tailed kittens to the States. The breed began to develop in the West. The Felinologists Association, CFA, has supported enthusiastic breeders. In 1976, the breed was registered.
The history of bobtail in the West is no more than 50 years. In the East, they are common for dozens of centuries. Legends are composed of animals whose tail resembles a rabbit rather than a cat's tail. It is believed that they originally appeared in mainland China. The protection of silkworms from rodents, small predators was the main and honorable occupation of short-tailed cats.
From China they were brought to Japan. Where they acted as pets. Moreover, in Japan, as in China, there was an opinion that they bring good luck. Keeping rare animals was a privilege of the nobility. Demonstrating their wealth, representatives of the Japanese elite kept cats on golden leashes.
Further, the legend of the origin of cats loses its integrity. According to one version, Japanese cats were originally with short tails. On the other, the tails were of normal length. There were no complaints about the animals until the cat Nenomata appeared in the mountains of Japan.
She brought trouble, illness, death. All her power lurked in the tail. To harmless and useful predators, especially to their tails, there was a biased attitude. The chance for life and procreation was given to cats born with short tails. Artificial selection did the trick - the bobtail crowded out long-tailed animals.
At the beginning of the 17th century, the empire faced difficulties. Silkworm caterpillars began to be destroyed by mice, rats. In 1602, Katahito Go-Jedi, Emperor of Japan, ordered cats to be released into the wild.
Home imprisonment and the use of leashes was canceled. Bobtail coped with rodents, at the same time, left to their own devices, multiplied in large numbers. Short-tailed cats received the status of animals that bring good luck.
Description and Features
Japanese bobtail breed collected some unique features. She is not like other oriental cats. An elongated, not too well-fed, body rests on high legs. The hind limbs are longer and stronger than the front. This gives the Bobtail the look of a fast, dynamic animal, ready to catch a careless mouse at any second.
The main feature, no doubt, is a short, curved tail. The remaining hair and undercoat hide the bends of the vertebrae. The tail looks like a fluffy pompom or a twisted wool ball. The end of the spine is framed individually with bobtail. There are no two tails that are the same.
Scientists explain the original appearance of the tail by a gene mutation. Very successful. Because of this anomaly, no other, undesirable changes, usually accompanying such phenomena, have appeared. Bobtail inherit only the anatomical defect of the tail. Other distortions do not occur in the musculoskeletal system.
Inside the breed itself, the tail anomaly is unstable. Bends, their number, angle and direction are always combined in different ways. Sometimes the tail is mobile, sometimes it remains unchanged.
The bends of the tails are complicated. Breeders distinguish among them "pompons" and "chrysanthemums." Work is underway to obtain attractive options and stable inheritance of the tail anomaly.
The breed is registered by all international felinological associations with the exception of the British Council of Felinologists (GCCF). The latest edition of the breed standard was released by the CFA in January 2004. The standard applies to cats with short and long hair. Describes what a purebred Japanese short-tail cat looks like.
- General description.
An animal of small weight and moderate dimensions. Japanese bobtail - cat with a muscular, but not massive physique. It looks slender, strong predator. Cats are larger than cats.
The physiognomic traits of the bobtail differ from other eastern cat breeds. Cheekbones high, muzzle triangular. Mustache pads oval, moderately embossed. Chin subtle.
- Eyes, ears, nose.
Oval eyes adjoin a wide nose bridge. The center line of the cut of the eyes is tilted. This is especially noticeable when turning the head in profile. The eyeball is not deep in the eye socket.
But there is no effervescence. Large straight ears are located high on the head. They stand straight, with a slight slope forward. The nose is straight, clearly defined, with a wide nose bridge.
The body is long, flattened. The legs are strong, slender. The forelimbs are shorter than the hind limbs. When standing on straightened legs, the inclination of the spine forward is weak. The paws are oval.
Two varieties of wool are possible: short and long. In shorthair cats, the outer hair is not stiff, medium in size. The undercoat is poorly developed. The coat is silky to the touch.
In long-haired cats, the outer hair is of different sizes. On the shoulders is medium, gradually lengthening towards the tail. The auricles inside are usually covered with fur. Tassels are desirable at the tips of the ears. Wool adheres to the body, emphasizes the harmony of the animal.
A sign of the breed is the uniqueness of the tail for each animal. The tail is no longer than 7.62 cm. Its zero length, complete absence is an unacceptable vice. Turns, bends are not limited in number and direction.
The first bend, the curl of the tail adjacent to the body. The presence of a rectilinear part is considered a defect. The degree of mobility is not standardized. The main thing is that the tail is consistent with the body, and japanese bobtail in the photo and in life he looked harmonious.
The color scheme is not limited. The presence of contrasting large spots of irregular shape is welcome. A saturated solid, preferably white color is possible.
Optimism and mobility are character of japanese bobtail. The predator is temperamental, energetic, sometimes impatient. Inclined to action and rapid movement. There are no cats who would not like to sleep in a warm and cozy atmosphere. Japanese bobtail, in this regard, is no different from other breeds.
Two species of animals were registered inside the breed: long-haired and short-haired cats. They are described by one standard and have no differences, except for the length of the coat.
Bobtails are not only Japanese. At least two recognized breeds are cultivated in Russia: Kuril and Karelian bobtail. The tails of these rocks look very similar. Kuril and Karelian cats are rare breeds. A few breeders are engaged in their breeding.
Even at the age of Japanese bobtail does not look like a bummer. A leisurely walk from the sofa to the bowl and back is not his style. Centuries spent in continuous hunting make themselves felt. Being in the apartment, they perceive it as a hunting ground. Therefore, walks in nature are necessary for the animal. When walking with a bobtail, one should remember that in the old days the Japanese kept them on a leash, and do the same.
In the life of thoroughbred bobtail there is one important aspect - this is the exhibition. Participation in show rings is a test for animals and their owners. Future champions from a very young age should be educated sociable, not shy.
The health and vaccination of cats must always be taken care of. This is especially important for exhibitors. Shortcomings in this matter reduce the chances of victory to zero. Not vaccinated or an animal with signs of disease is not allowed to the event. In addition to patients, pregnant and lactating cats are usually not involved in the exhibition.
A natural change in the animal’s body is molting. In this state, the chances of the animal to win are minimal. Actively shedding cats can produce an unhealthy appearance. For these reasons, owners do not expose their pupils to show rings during molting.
Mobile and active bobtail are accustomed to calm behavior in crowded and noisy places. At a young age, they are taken to show rings for one purpose - they must calmly transfer exhibition conditions.
Cats-competitors, in addition, do not have the right to aggressively treat other people's hands. They touch, inspect, feel. Japanese bobtail cat palpated in the most delicate places.
The diet of a cat should include everything that a predator should have. With natural feeding, meat is in the foreground. Beef, lamb, poultry will quite suit a pet. Offal is not worse than meat.
Heart, liver, lung - everything will do. The protein component is enhanced by lean boneless fish. The exception is fatty meat products, tubular and fish bones. The food is cut, boiled slightly. Cools to room temperature before feeding.
The amount of dairy and sour-milk products by weight is slightly inferior to meat. Kefir, sour cream, yogurt, cream, cottage cheese - cats absorb such food with great desire. Once a week, an egg, preferably a quail, may be issued.
Vegetables can be fed raw or stewed. Do not feed cats with potatoes. Animals do not assimilate starch; potato is a low-value product for them. Fruits are added to vegetables.
Porridge is also included in the diet of cats, but in small quantities, not more than 10% of the total. In a cat bowl, you can add a little oatmeal, rice or buckwheat porridge.
The percentage of products is approximately this: 40% - meat, 30% - dairy and sour-milk products, 20% - vegetables and fruits, 10% - cereals. The total weight of the fed food should be 5-7% of the weight of the cat. The veterinarian can give precise instructions on feeding a particular bobtail.
Much depends on age, health and other feline indicators. The veterinarian, in addition, will advise what is more suitable for the Japanese bobtail: natural food, or industrial dry, canned food. It can definitely be said that industrial feed makes life easier for the owner of the animal.
Reproduction and longevity
At the very early stage of the life of a domestic cat, it is decided whether she will participate in the procreation. The determining factor is the purity of the blood of the cat and the intention of the owner to be a breeder.
Cats and cats can become parents at the age of 10 - 12 months. But the first estrus of a cat is better to skip. The cat is not used immediately as a manufacturer. That is, for individuals of both sexes, a suitable age of child-bearing debut is 1.5 years.
The continuation of the feline begins with the selection of a pair. Both applicants must be healthy, all vaccinations made and deworming performed. Experienced owners determine the cat’s readiness for procreation without difficulty. The connection of animals takes place on the territory of the cat. The cat "visits" the partner for 3-4 days. Numerous coatings occur during this period.
After 2 months, the bobtail brings 2-7 kittens. The cat usually copes with the birth process itself. For nulliparous animals it is better to invite a veterinarian. Bobtail cats are good mothers, constantly monitor the offspring, monitor its safety.
TOottya japanese bobtail 12-14 days after birth, open your eyes. Mother's milk and heat ensure the health of young bobtail. Their active life, which this breed lasts 15-18 years.
Maintenance and care
Japanese short-tailed cats are very independent. Do not require special care. It is advisable to do combing of short-haired and long-haired cats once or twice a week. In principle, the more often the owner puts the animal’s hair in order, the better. This cleans the fur, massages the skin and establishes psychological contact with the animal.
In addition to wool, ears need care. The cat's nails are periodically sheared. Twice a year, the cat is completely washed. The reason for washing can be preparation for the exhibition. When caring for animals, one must remember that the tail of the bobtail is not only a unique natural phenomenon, but also a very vulnerable part of the body that must be handled with care.
Japanese bobtails are rated differently. You can find ads in which representatives of this breed are offered for free. At reputable breeders and clubs price of japanese bobtail is in the range of 15000-25000 rubles. A Japanese short-tailed cat can be cheap or expensive. But in any case, a reliable friend is acquired, a companion, filled with energy, goodwill and love.