Small breeds of dogs. Description, names, types and photos of small breeds of dogs

It is said that a small dog is a puppy until old age. And even the best friend, who does not take up much space in the apartment, eats little and, if necessary, can use the cat tray.

Small dog breeds - the concept is quite extensive, including both crumbs that fit on the palm of your hand, and breeds the size of a large cat. Consider the individual representatives, their character traits and the basic rules of care.

Havana Bichon

The dog is small in size with soft silky hair and very smart eyes. Its main character trait is friendliness, which applies to both adults and children. But this breed is categorically not suitable for busy people who spend most of their lives at work.

If Havana Bichon is left alone for a long time, then he will become extremely irritable and anxious. At home, these dogs are called "Velcro" - this definition speaks for itself.

Bichons lend themselves well to training, they are often used as guides for visually impaired people. Soft and long bichon hair requires quality care. But often you can’t bathe the dog, instead, the owners daily comb the dogs and often carry them for haircuts.

Chinese Crested

Studying names of small breeds of dogs, pay attention to the Chinese crested dog. It is definitely impossible to confuse it with any other breed in the world, these miniature dogs have such a specific appearance. Some adore them, others are disgusted, but there are no indifferent. Wool covers only the head, legs and tail of a Chinese crested. The rest of the body seems completely naked.

But such an unusual appearance has obvious advantages: a Chinese crested dog does not cause allergic reactions, does not shed, and has almost no unpleasant odor. The character is friendly, quick-witted and playful.

To train a representative of the breed in any teams, it is better to contact the dog handlers - the mission is not easy, requiring a thorough approach and special knowledge. Chinese Crested learn teams, but with difficulty.

Two other features of hairless dogs are the need for their own wardrobe and thorough skin care. These dogs do not cause allergies in their owners, but they themselves are very prone to skin diseases, including allergies. Therefore, you need to wash Chinese crested only with special means, and choose a diet very carefully.

Shih tzu

The breed originates in the imperial palaces of ancient China. Dogs are small in size, touching in appearance and explosive in nature with the makings of a leader. If from the first day a puppy appears in the house, you don’t explain to him who the owner is here - be prepared that it’s not you, but Shih Tzu who will take the palm.

But if you do not start the issue of upbringing from the very beginning, you will get the most faithful and devoted friend, sensitive and loving. Shih Tzu will equally love each member of your family, both large and small.

But the most difficult part in keeping the imperial dog is not even dressing, but grooming. Daily combing, ponytails and pigtails, regular visits to the groomer - all this awaits you if you decide to get a Shih Tzu. Are you ready for such an item in the family budget?


Perhaps, among all the representatives of mini-dogs, this one is the smallest one. Hand babies can accompany you everywhere, just use a variety of carrying dogs for small breeds. For short distances, the Chihuahua will enjoy walking on foot, but soon her delicate legs will tire and you will have to take the baby in her arms.

But not so simple. These babies have a complex character and hot temper. Unquestioningly obey Chihuahuas will be one owner, the rest of the family for him is not credibility. Typical representatives of the breed are playful, stubborn and very touchy.

You will have to apply a lot of effort so as not to blush for the behavior of your pet. Keep in mind that a small member of the family can be jealous of "their" person to all "secondary" ones. Especially for children.

Chihuahuas master the tray and diaper well, so walking with them comes down to the need to breathe air and run a little, to pour out energy. If the weather is not conducive to walking, then they can be completely abandoned. When it is cold outside - use dog clothes so as not to catch a pet.

Dwarf pincher

If you dream of a Doberman, but square meters do not allow holding such a large dog, then a dwarf pincher can be a good alternative. He looks like a Doberman not only in appearance, but also in character: wayward, stubborn, excessively independent dogs can become a wonderful guard, friend and companion. If you are ready to look at the dog not as the youngest in the pack, but as an equal, then the dwarf pinscher is an excellent choice.

Adult dwarf pinscher weigh about 4-6 kg, the height at the withers does not exceed 30 cm. Dogs need daily active games in the fresh air, they need physical activity.

But this breed can be kept even in an apartment - having run into the street, at home they behave quite calmly. Another plus for apartment maintenance - dwarf pinschers almost do not fade.

Cavalier king charles spaniel

A cute fidget can be your best friend. Representatives of this breed do not have sharp mood swings; they are affectionate and mischievous. But the dogs require a constant human presence - otherwise the "gentleman" begins to get bored and dirty.

In kayin cases, if the work does not let go, but you don’t want to part with your favorite, the owners acquire a second cavalier-king-charles-spaniel. Together, it is easier for dogs to survive without consequences the absence of a beloved master.

Representatives of a rare breed are true extroverts. They are sincerely glad to communicate, ready to see a friend in each passerby. Dogs love touching, so be prepared for constant stroking, scratching and hugging with or without. This is an excellent quality for families with small children - the “gentleman” is annoyed by the obsessive hugs of the kids, he is only happy for them.


When you see this dog for the first time, you don’t immediately understand who is in front of you: a shaggy monkey or an imp? The unusually funny appearance made affenpinchers the favorites of many. But experts do not advise starting this breed in a family where children have not reached adolescence - like other pinchers, it is difficult for them to get along with small children.

The breed requires daily active walking, the duration of which should be at least 2 hours a day, one hour in the morning and evening. You need to comb the affinpincher 2-3 times a week, wash the leftover food from the beard - daily. Groomer services are optional for this breed, according to many owners periodically trim the coat. Affenpinchers almost do not fade - this is a definite plus of the breed.

Small dog food, including for the affinpincher, must be balanced. The veterinarian will help you choose a natural diet, but if you decide to feed the affenpincer with ready-made dry food, then give preference to premium brands.

Yorkshire Terrier

A very formidable beast, enclosed in a tiny little body. Fearless baby with a very pretty face has long been firmly established in the ranking of the most popular breeds in Russia. Yorkies are loyal empaths who feel good about the master’s mood and adapt to it.

York coat needs quality care. If the dog does not participate in exhibitions, then it can be trimmed to make life easier for both the owner and the dog. If the representative of the breed is exposed, then the hair cannot be sheared - it should hang evenly from both sides of the body. Even if you leave the maximum length, then Yorkies do not fade and do not smell, do not provoke the appearance of allergies.

York's biggest problem is poor health. This affects the condition of the teeth, respiratory throat, gums. Unfortunately, these dogs have very weak bone tissue. Malfunctions in the digestive system often occur. The owner's task is to provide the dog with proper nutrition, vitamins and regular checkups with a veterinarian.

Daily care includes brushing your teeth and massaging your gums, combing your hair and rubbing your eyes with a damp cotton pad. Wash the whole York and clean his ears no more than once a week. Be prepared to make a haircut and trimmed claws every month.

Japanese chin

In the blood of these handsome - bright security and protective qualities. Mal, yes udal - this is exactly about the Japanese chin. The case when a cute appearance can be deceiving: a dog will not tolerate familiarities from strangers. But hins are very attached to their family, and to all its members at the same time.

It is important to start the socialization of Japanese chin as early as possible. If this is not done, then the puppy will be wary and shy, each new acquaintance will turn into great stress for him.

Hin does not tolerate obsession and loud sharp sounds, so it is better not to take such a breed in a family with young children. But for an older person, furry will become a faithful companion. In dealing with hin, rigidity and intransigence are not needed, it can be an excellent option for a beginner dog lover.



A distinctive feature of the breed is the shape of the ears, which resembles the wings of a butterfly. These little dogs are known for excellent intelligence and ability to perceive training.

Ka and most small dogs, papillons do not like to be alone. If you are forced to leave him alone with you, then try to provide a variety of toys: rubber balls, pits from the veins.

Papillons should never be overfed. This breed is prone to obesity, and it can lead to great health problems. In an adult papillon, ribs are palpated, if not, this is an occasion to review the diet.

Papillon games with a child are possible, but must be supervised by adults. The dog perceives the child as an equal, so she can bite for an insult. The breed is important for early socialization, because a grown up ill-bred papillon can behave aggressively.

Toy terrier mini

The body weight of these little inches should not exceed 1.5 kg, the height at the withers - 20 cm. Now toy terriers are divided into long-haired and short-haired. Both varieties can be of different colors, most often found red, cream, fawn, black, blue.

Unlike the same miniature chihuahua, toy terriers are easy to train. In every movement of a tiny dog ​​- a lot of dignity and grace. They can hardly do without walks and active games, so you can do without walking only in extreme cases. Dogs are very friendly to all family members, including young children. But make sure that the child does not injure the puppy.

Deserves special attention temperature in small breed dogs. If you plan to have a toy terrier, then you should know that a temperature of 38.5 to 38.9 is the norm. These dogs often have colds, so the slightest increase in body temperature, lethargy, sneezing or discharge from the nose is an occasion to immediately consult a doctor. The toy terrier’s diseases are fleeting, so it’s impossible to hesitate and hope that “itself will pass”.


The snow-white fluffy dog ​​has the roots of the Pied Piper, but it is much better that it has taken root as a pet. Since ancient times, representatives of the breed lived in wealthy families and not in kennels, so they learned to get along well with other animals, whether it be other dogs or even cats.

Someone should always be near bolognese. If there is no person, then the dog begins to feel sad, bark loudly and ask for attention. It can even get sick from longing or bring yourself to a nervous breakdown.

If you are ready to share your love and affection with your pet to the maximum, then feel free to choose the breed of Bolognese. This is an ideal indoor dog that does not need long walks and regular physical activity.

As with any long-haired breed, the hair of a bolognese needs proper care. This is especially true for the muzzle - the eyes of the bolognese often flow, and the coat becomes reddish.


Glamorous dogs fell in love with the French kings. Over the centuries, this breed carried an absolute inability to live independently - they did not need it, because even in the most difficult times, the Maltese was cared for and cherished. Initially, the breed was distinguished by a whimsical disposition, but over time it was transformed into the calmest representatives of the canine world.

Maltese do not get along with any other pet. Play on the street - please, but as soon as the owner shows at least a bit of attention to someone else's beast - enormous jealousy turns on.

This is another breed whose representatives cannot stand loneliness. If you plan to leave Maltese alone with you for more than a couple of hours, then get ready for the bedlam that she will inflict.

The dog in its own way copes with stress and nibbles everything that it can reach: shoes, baseboards, wires and everything else. Therefore, maltese is hardly suitable for working people as a pet.

Toy poodle

This miniature dog can be a little shy in relation to strangers, but for her family she will become a faithful and devoted friend. Despite its modest size, you need to engage in a toy poodle, especially since it lends itself perfectly to training. Otherwise, the pet can be dangerous, especially for children.

Get ready for the dog to bark often and loudly. This is a feature of the breed and nothing can be done about it. The barking may be completely unjustifiable - a toy poodle doesn’t care much.

The breed has very high maintenance requirements: a special balanced diet, regular grooming by a professional groomer, special clothes and shoes for the cold season.

Dogs are very painful, and various diseases can occur regardless of care. But for people who were not afraid of difficulties, brought up a toy poodle and competently approached the issue of education, a puppy can become a real friend.

Pomeranian Spitz

The breed appeared on the Baltic coast, in Pomerania - hence the name. The breed was bred at the end of the 19th century, but at that time the exterior of the representatives was somewhat different from the modern one. The weight of the first Spitz was about 15 kg, so against the background of modern 3.5 kg crumbs, they looked like real giants.

But both then and now these dogs are distinguished by a thick and very fluffy coat, so that cute Spitz dogs look like fur balls on thin legs. Three of the most common colors today: white, blue and different variations of red from dark to light. Spitz, like others types of small breeds of dogs with long hair, requires careful care.

Wool should not only be combed, but also resorted to special care products: shampoos, conditioners, balms and sprays. Be prepared that in the summer you will have to turn to the groomer for a quality haircut, otherwise the dog will be very hot.The Spitz character is devoted, convivial. But it is better not to communicate with young children of this breed - Spitz are like children themselves: noisy, cocky fidgets.

Brussels Griffin

When you first see a dog of this breed, you involuntarily compare it with a funny little house. A remarkable mustache and beard, a funny flattened muzzle and unusually clever eyes are what distinguish griffins from other dogs of miniature breeds.

Sobachek is distinguished not only by his non-standard appearance, but by his good natured character. Everywhere he follows the master, whom he chooses once and for all his life. Learns the rest of the family with time, first treating them with caution and incredulity.

The puppy of the Brussels griffin loves to be in the spotlight, but it is worth being careful: the dog quickly relaxes and turns into a moody pet that will not lag behind the owner until he gets what he wants.

Representatives of the breed are extremely self-confident, but at the same time very dependent on the owner's attention. Griffins can hardly stand loneliness, they need long walks in the fresh air.

Rabbit dachshund

Dwarf dachshunds, which are also called rabbit, have three varieties of wool: smooth-haired, long-haired and wire-haired. All of them are united by a healthy, stress-resistant nervous system. The dog is absolutely not aggressive, but at the same time bold and cautious.

Representatives of the breed do not tolerate rudeness and pressure, competent dog handlers take this into account when drawing up an individual training plan. Another striking feature of rabbit dachshunds is an overly developed sense of ownership.

Moreover, this is manifested not only in relation to the beloved host, but also toys, a berth. The owner of the rabbit dachshund must develop such qualities as affection, attention, patience, consistency.

The dog will defend its right to independent decision-making, which from the outside may look like an unwillingness to succumb to training. Having received the permission of the owner, dachshunds happily enter the game with other dogs, get acquainted with their owners.

West Highland White Terrier

If you look at small breeds of dogs in the photo, then this blond handsome will definitely attract your attention. West Highland White Terriers look like soft toys, they want to be squeezed and ironed endlessly. Few people know that a real little hunter is hiding behind a plush appearance.

West Highland White Terriers are covered with white wool, against which large dark eyes look especially expressively. But before you buy an angelic appearance, study the habits of these dogs.

Education and strictness in communication with the puppy is a guarantee that you will grow an adequate adult dog, a faithful friend and even a protector. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting an extremely stubborn pet who does not understand the prohibitions and does not hear the command "no."

Watch the video: All Dog Breeds In The World A to Z (February 2020).

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