Afghan Hound (Eng. Afghan Hound) is one of the most ancient breeds of dogs, according to legend, Noah took it with him to the ark. Her long, thin, silky coat was created to warm in the cold mountains of Afghanistan, where she served for centuries for hunting and protection.
- Grooming is very important. Only someone who really likes to care for a dog or who is willing to pay a pro should consider buying an Afghan hound.
- This is a hunting dog and its instinct makes you chase small animals (cats, rabbits, hamsters and so on).
- Training is a very difficult task even for a specialist, because of its independent nature. Training requires patience and time.
- The Afghan hound has a low pain threshold, it even tolerates small wounds much worse than dogs of other breeds and because of this they may seem tearful.
- Although this breed accepts and loves children well, it is better for puppies to grow up with children, since they can stay away very young. They do not like rough treatment and pain, and if your child is still very small and does not understand the difference, it is better not to start a greyhound.
Greyhounds are one of the most recognizable and ancient breeds, and according to some markers in genetic tests, the Afghan hound is very little different from a wolf and is related to an ancient dog - saluki.
Modern purebred Afghans derive their pedigree from dogs brought to Britain from Afghanistan in 1920, and they were collected throughout the country and in neighboring countries, where they served as hunting and guard dogs.
But what happened before this is a mystery, since there is no evidence that they came precisely from Afghanistan, although there are many opinions on this subject in the literature and on the Internet.
It was the British who gave it that name, but it is much more widespread. Only indirectly, analyzing dogs of similar type from the same countries, we can assume the place of birth of the dog.
Its local name Tāžī Spay or Sag-e Tāzī is very similar in pronunciation to another dog species living on the shores of the Caspian Sea - Tasy. Other breeds that look like afghan are the Taigan from the Tien Shan, and the barkazai or Kurram greyhound.
At least 13 types of these dogs exist in Afghanistan itself, and some of them have become the prototype of modern Afghans. Due to the fact that the life of peoples has changed, the need for these dogs has disappeared, and some of them have already disappeared. It is possible that in the past there were even more types.
The modern history of the breed is closely connected with the first shows when various types of dogs began to enter England in the eighteenth century. British officers returned from British India, Afghanistan and Persia, brought exotic dogs and cats with them, and showed them at exhibitions and shows. In those days there was still no single name, and as they were just not called.
In 1907, Captain Bariff brought a dog from India named Zardin from India, it was he who was considered when writing the first breed standard in 1912, but the breeding was interrupted by the First World War.
Both the First and Second World War greatly influenced the breed, and slowed the pace of its development, but could no longer stop it.
In Europe there were two kennels of the Afghan Hounds: in Scotland they were bred by Major Bell-Murray and Jean C. Manson in 1920. These dogs belonged to the flat type and were originally from Pakistan, were covered with medium-long hair.
The second kennel was owned by Miss Marie Amps (Mary Amps) and was called Ghazni, these dogs came from Kabul and arrived in England in 1925.
She and her husband went to Kabul after the Afghan war (1919), and the dogs they brought were of the mountain type and were distinguished by a thicker and longer coat and resembled Zardin. There was competition between the kennels, and the dogs were quite different and there was a long debate about which type is suitable for the standard.
Most of the Afghan Hounds in the United States were obtained from the Ghazni nursery, and then came to Australia in 1934. But, over time, both the mountain and steppe types blended and merged into a modern Afghan hound, the standard for which was rewritten in 1948 and has not changed to this day.
Amazing beauty made them popular all over the world and they are recognized by all the leading clubs. Although they are no longer used for hunting, periodically the Afghans participate in coursing - field trials with a bait that mimics the beast.
The Afghan Hound reaches a height of 61-74 cm, and weighs 20-27 kg. Life expectancy is 12-14 years, which is similar to other breeds of a similar size.
According to a 2004 UK Kennel Club study, the most common causes of death are cancer (31%), old age (20%), heart problems (10.5%), and urology (5%).
Color can be varied, many have a mask on their faces. Long, thin coat needs significant grooming and grooming. A feature is the tip of the tail, which is twisted.
Bred for hunting leopards and antelopes, Afghans can develop running speeds of up to 60 km per hour, and are very hardy. Their whole figure speaks of speed, swiftness and sensitivity.
In 2005, Korean scientist Hwang Usok announced that he was able to clone a greyhound dog named Snuppi. Independent researchers have confirmed that Snuppy is a real clone. However, already in 2006, Hwan Usok was kicked out of the university for faking data.
Usually attached to one person, rather than the whole family. Do not look at the fact that he welcomes your guests, they immediately forget about them.
To know a new person, they need time. They are not afraid of people and are usually not aggressive towards strangers.
Some of them may bark once or twice if a stranger enters the house, but this is not a guard dog.
They react with caution to small children, as they are timid and do not like harsh sounds. In general, these dogs are not recommended for families with small children.
Not being particularly dominant, they have a stubborn and freedom-loving character and it’s not so easy to train them. Independent thinking makes them difficult in training.
They are usually little motivated in food and do not feel the desire to please the owner, like other breeds. In general, these are typical hunters whose task was to catch up and keep the prey. They did not develop communication with people, did not participate in the cattle corral, actions requiring intelligence and coherence.
Afghan hounds prefer extremes in everything, like to steal food, imperious and mischievous.
As for getting along with other domestic animals, this is a hunting dog and its instincts order it to catch up and catch. And who it will be - a neighbor's cat, your son’s hamster or dove, they don’t care. They can get along with domestic cats, provided that they grew up together, but all street ones are in serious danger. This is one of the reasons why owners never let them off the leash.
Independent thinking means that they will be happy to do what you want, but only if they want the same. On the Internet, there is often an opinion that Afghan hounds are stupid, as they are difficult to train and require patience and skill. This is not so, they are very smart and learn fast, they just follow orders when they consider it necessary. They will obey ... later. Or maybe not.
In this, they are often compared to cats. It is independence and stubbornness that make them tough nuts for training and inexperienced dog breeders. They show themselves well in kursing, but only on condition that the owner has patience, an endless sense of humor and the ability to motivate his dog.
For his patience, the owner will receive a huge result in field trials with bait (coursing), in them they are revealed to the full, because this is what they are created for.
Start training your puppy the same day he gets to your home. After all, even at the age of eight weeks, they are able to absorb everything that you will learn. Do not wait until the puppy reaches six months, otherwise you will get a much more stubborn dog.
If possible, go to a trainer at the age of 10-12 weeks, and communicate, communicate, communicate. The difficulty is that puppies are vaccinated until a certain age, and many veterinarians do not recommend talking with adult dogs until the puppy develops immunity. In this case, try to train at home, and for communication bring your friends and all family members more often.
Before buying a puppy with an Afghan hound, talk with the breeder and clearly describe what you expect from the dog so that he helps you choose a puppy. Breeders observe them daily, have rich experience and will help you choose the puppy that is right for you.
But, in any case, look for puppies born from those dogs that have a good character, outgoing and good-natured.
All dogs can suffer from genetic diseases, just like humans. Run from a breeder who does not guarantee puppies' health, says that the breed is 100% healthy and there can be no problems with it.
A decent breeder will honestly and openly talk about health problems in the breed, and especially in his line. This is normal, as all dogs get sick periodically, and anything can happen.
In Afghan hounds, the most common diseases are dysplasia, cataracts, thyroiditis (an autoimmune disease that destroys the thyroid gland), laryngeal paralysis in dogs, and von Willebrand disease (blood disease).
At a minimum, ask the seller if the manufacturers have cataracts and if there are any problems with the joints. Better, demand evidence.
In a good kennel, dogs undergo genetic tests as a result of which animals with hereditary diseases are eliminated, and only the healthiest remain. But, nature has its secrets, and despite this, mistakes happen and sick puppies appear.
Remember that as soon as you bring the puppy home, the most likely disease that threatens him is obesity. Maintaining a constant, moderate weight is one of the easiest and most effective means to extend the life of your dog. Given that this is a hunting dog, it is obvious that the basis of health for her is walking and running.
Ideally, she needs up to two hours of walking a day to keep fit, but which city dwellers can afford? Moreover, there is a nuance, these dogs can be carried away by the pursuit of a cat or just by running and completely forget about the owner.
And, if it's not so scary in nature, then in the city this is a problem. It is advisable not to let go of the leash if you are not sure of her obedience and do not want to run after her for a long time.
Plus, summer walks are difficult for her, since long hair was created to preserve heat in the climate of the mountains, and not the hot desert of the microdistrict.
As a result, the best physical activity for this dog is walking in nature, in remote corners of parks and landings, and sports, such as coursing.
Be sure to walk a lot with this dog, otherwise the muscles atrophy. Somewhere in nature, she can be given free rein! How glad she is! Any hare would envy such jumping, playfulness, flying in the air in a jump!
A beautiful, well-groomed Afghan hound is an impressive sight, especially when she is running and her long coat develops. In addition to length, the coat is still silky, delicate and similar to human hair. She has bangs on her head, and long hair covers her entire body, including her ears and paws.
It is easy to guess that caring for such a coat cannot be simple and proper grooming is all for your dog. Long and thin, the coat tends to stray into tangles, and needs regular (preferably daily) combing and frequent bathing.
Many owners prefer to use the services of professionals, since caring for a dog requires skill and time, although if you want to learn, it is possible.
Breeds with long, drooping ears have a tendency to infections. Check your greyhound ears weekly and clean them with a cotton swab. If an unpleasant odor comes out from the ear of Afghanistan, redness is visible, or the dog shakes its head and scratches the ear, then this is a sign of infection and you need to go to the veterinarian.
You need to trim the claws once or twice a month, unless they grind on their own. If you hear them clatter on the floor, then they are too long. Short, well-groomed claws do not interfere with the dog and save you from scratches if your dogs enthusiastically begin to jump on you.
Make care a regular procedure, preferably as best as possible. Add affectionate words and goodies to it, and in the future, when the puppy grows up, going to the vet will become a much simpler task.