The British longhair cat or Highlander (English Longhair) with a wide muzzle and a smile on it resembles a Cheshire cat from Alice in Wonderland. The face of a teddy bear, thick coat and soft character, are three secrets of popularity among cat lovers.
But, it is not so simple and the origins of the breed stretch back to the Roman conquerors of Britain, to the old breeds of cats. Once a hunter and protector of barns, a British cat, now a pet, preferring the comfort of the hearth and playing with a toy mouse.
The Highlander cat comes from the British Shorthair, which appeared in England with the Roman conquerors. Being one of the oldest breeds of cats, the British have changed little during this time.
But, at the beginning of the last century, between 1914 and 1918, work began on the crossbreeding of a short-haired and a Persian cat.
After World War I, members of the GCCF (Governing Council of the Cat Fancy) association announced that only the third generation of cats born from Persians and British would be allowed to participate in the shows. This influenced the popularity of the breed, and then there was World War II.
After which part of the population was lost and those representatives that survived were already bred with ordinary shorthair, Persians and other breeds.
The real popularity came to the breed after June 1979, when the international organization TICA registered the breed. Today it is known and popular as well as short-haired and recognized by organizations: WCF, TICA, CCA, and from May 1, 2014, ACFA.
The British Longhair cat has thick hair, so plush when you stroke, it feels like a toy. These are medium sized cats, with a muscular body, a wide chest, short legs and a short and thick tail.
If a short-haired breed shows a massive, muscular body, then in a long-haired breed it hides behind thick hair.
On a broad, rounded head stood a kind of smile, the sensation of which is created by chubby cheeks and raised corners of the mouth. Plus, big, bright eyes and the impression that you have the same Cheshire cat.
Cats weigh 5.5-7 kg, cats 4-5 kg. Life expectancy is 12-15 years, sometimes up to 20.
The color is diverse, it can be: black, white, red, cream, blue, chocolate, purple. Add more spots and you get: tortoise, tabby, bicolor, smoky, marble, color point, blue point and others.
These are calm and relaxed cats, which are considered independent, but they get along well in the company of the same calm animals. Affectionate, they all prefer to sit next to the owner, rather than being worn in their arms.
Unlike other domestic cats, British Longhair do not need constant attention of the owner and calmly wait for him. They are well suited to people who are always busy at work. But, if they are alone all day, they will be happy to brighten up time in the company of other animals.
Affectionate and calm with children, they steadily carry their attention. Even attempts to lift and carry away do not infuriate the British, although for young children raising an adult cat is difficult.
Kittens are playful and lively, but adult cats are quite lazy and prefer the sofa to fun games.
They are not destroyers and curious, they do not need to climb into any closed cabinet or room, but if they are hungry, they will remind themselves of themselves with a soft meow.
Care and maintenance
Since the coat is thick and long, the main thing is to monitor the condition and comb out the cat regularly. How often, you need to look at your pet, but in spring and autumn they comb out more often. The main thing is that the wool does not fall off and tangle forms do not form on the stomach.
She is a little harder to care for than a shorthair breed, but not by much. Cats themselves love the process of combing, and it acts on the person soothing and relaxing.
You can also buy British Longhair, using a special shampoo for cats. Like all cats, they do not like this process, so it makes sense to accustom to water from a very young age.
These are gluttons, they like to eat and easily gain weight, so it is important not to overfeed. By themselves, they are heavy and weigh from 4 to 7 kg, but this weight should be from a dense and muscular body, and not fat. Since these are domestic cats that do not like to walk, it is important to regularly give them a load while playing with it.
You need to feed only with high-quality feed, premium and natural food.
Want to buy a kitten? Remember that these are purebred cats and they are more whimsical than ordinary cats. If you do not want to buy a British longhair cat and then go to the veterinarians, then contact experienced breeders and good nurseries.
There will be a higher price, but the kitten will be accustomed to the tray and vaccinated.