Eagles: types, description, interesting facts about mighty feathered predators

The eagle is a symbol of power, greatness, strength and pride. We will talk about the types of eagles, their nutrition and lifestyle in this article.

Since ancient times, these birds were considered one of the most powerful animals on earth. Their fearlessness is sung in the folk art of different countries, their physical abilities are simply amazing.

Eagles belong, according to scientific classification, to the hawk family, the order - falcon-shaped. Why was the eagle called the eagle? You will learn the answer to this question by reading our article on this topic in the Question and Answer section. And we will devote this story to the description of eagles, tell you: what species of these birds exist in nature.

Hawk Eagle (Aquila fasciata).

The appearance of eagles

Almost all individuals of these birds are of impressive size, with the exception of small species (dwarf eagle and steppe eagle). The mass of an adult eagle is from 3 to 5 kilograms. Wings in scope reach two meters in length with eagles. Female eagles have larger dimensions than males (approximately 25-30%).

Kaffir eagle (Aquila verreauxii).

Representatives of this genus have well-developed muscles, powerful claws and a beak having a curved shape at the end. The eagles have a strong neck, relatively long legs. The build of the eagles seems to be specially created by nature to give them the opportunity to be unsurpassed predators.

The color of the plumage of eagles is conditionally divided into two groups: plain with variegated and contrasting. For example, war eagles, crowned eagles and hawk eagles have a dark top and a white bottom, and the stone eagle is painted brown with separate specks of light shade. Some species of eagles have a decoration on their heads in the form of a bundle consisting of long feathers (comb eagles and African crested eagles).

Comb eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis).

In the people, everyone knows about the excellent vigilance of the eagle, its ability to notice prey, even being at a huge distance from it.

Where do the eagles live

These birds are quite widespread. Populations of different species of eagles are found in North America, Eurasia and Africa. Wedge-tailed eagle - a separate species that lives in Australia and nearby large islands.

Steppe Eagle (Aquila rapax) on the nest.

Eagles prefer to settle in temperate and subtropical zones. They feel great in semi-deserts, mountains, open landscapes and treeless plains.

Eagles lifestyle

Eaglets have already begun to fledge.

These feathered predators live in pairs. To find prey, eagles are able to soar for hours high in the sky, now and then looking for a victim on the ground or in the air. When the eagle replaces its prey, it swiftly flies down, stretching its legs forward, digs into its prey with strong curved claws and begins to stun it with all its strength with the help of its beak.

Paw of the crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus).

Often prey for eagles are animals, such as: gazelles, foxes, wolves, antelopes, roe deer. Hunting for smaller “trophies” is not at all difficult for the eagle; often, gophers, hares, marmots, small monkeys, and birds fall on its dining table. When hunting fails for a long time, the eagle can become a scavenger.

Having caught prey, the eagle tries to eat it right there - at the place of slaughter. Only if necessary, feed the chicks, the predator takes part of the dead carcass to their babies. After a hearty meal, the eagles consume a lot of liquid and carefully clean their feathers.

A steppe eagle stuffs goiter with meat from a dead gazelle.

Listen to the voice of the eagle

The voice of the steppe eagle


Voice of the Dwarf Eagle


Breeding eagles

The female lays eggs once a year. Eagles build their nests very high, almost on the very tops of trees, or on ledges of rocks. Often, these predators are engaged in raider capture and take away nests from other birds (ravens, hawks, falcons).

Young steppe eagle chicks.

The laying of the eagle consists of 1 to 3 eggs. Incubation lasts from 35 to 45 days. Despite the predatory disposition, the eagles are caring and gentle parents, but the same cannot be said of the chicks. Not having time to hatch from an egg, they already begin to share food, often it even comes to a fight!

Eagles have puberty in 4 to 5 years. In nature, these birds of prey live to an average of 30 years, but especially large species can live up to 50.

Watch the video: The World's Largest Eagle (February 2020).

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